The Institute of Philippine Culture is a social science research organization of the School of Social Sciences of the Loyola Schools, Ateneo de Manila University. Founded in 1960 by Frank Lynch, SJ, the IPC advances the University's mission and goals by generating knowledge that helps deepen the understanding of cultures and societies; improve the quality of life of disadvantaged groups; and build a more peaceful, just, and equitable society in the Philippines, Southeast Asia, and the world. As a nonstock, nonprofit, private educational institution, the IPC supports its research activities with funds derived from internal or external sources. Enjoying academic freedom, the IPC investigates what it wishes and publishes what it finds.
INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
Under the IPC Institutional Research Program, research staff of the Institute of Philippine Culture are able to embark on theoretically-grounded studies on research topics they deem of interest, such as: the "vote of the poor" (what poor voters look for in electoral candidates and the factors that influence their vote); the lives and times of Filipina Overseas Workers; social change initiatives that help bridge the poverty gap; armed conflict, natural disasters, urban development, and population displacements in the Philippines; knowledge needs, acquisition, and use among the Catholic Bishops of the Philippines; and Filipino families in urban informal settlements; among others.
EXTERNALLY-FUNDED RESEARCH PROGRAM
The IPC conducts research on critical development concerns, responding to the knowledge and field-level needs of various development actors such as national government agencies, local government units, nongovernment organizations, and international agencies. Since 1960, the IPC has conducted over three hundred contracted studies on a variety of research topics on Philippine cultures and societies, disadvantaged groups in the country, and other development concerns. Some topics of past and current externally-funded IPC research projects include: agriculture, agrarian reform and rural development, irrigation, forest management, watershed management, fisheries management, family planning, urban poverty and urban informal settlements, slum upgrading and low-cost social housing, community health, cultural heritage, indigenous peoples and Bangsamoro people, women and gender, and children and youth, among others. The IPC has also been at the forefront of pioneering and developing research methodologies such as survey research, process documentation research, child-friendly research, feminist research, qualitative life story interviewing, participatory poverty assessments which foreground the "voices of the poor," research with indigenous peoples, and electronic tablet-based data collection, among others.
MERIT RESEARCH AWARDS PROGRAM
With funds from a Ford Foundation grant, the IPC Merit Research Awards (MRA) Program seeks to advance theoretically grounded social science research and provide conceptual insights on Philippine cultures and societies. Awarded on a competitive basis, MRA grants support the research of faculty and researchers of the Ateneo de Manila University. A Call for MRA Proposals is issued in the first semester of the school year whereby proponents are asked to submit a written research proposal with clearly stated research objectives, the proposed study's theoretical significance, and the research methods required. Research proposals are assessed based on a set of criteria, including: clarity and focus; theoretical substance and scholarly significance; and methodological rigor and feasibility.
The research priority areas indicated in the annual Call for MRA Proposals are: religious change and transformation; women and gender; the social dynamics of agriculture and labor; asset building and social capital formation in community-based health, education, shelter and natural resource management; urban renewal and rural development'; political accountability; poverty reduction and the resilience and agency of marginalized groups; new media and social transformation; culture, memory, and nationhood; environment, society, and sustainable development; family, youth, and education; global flows and Asian integration; peace, justice, and democratic governance; science, technology, and social innovation.
For the grantees, the MRA scheme is expected to generate a substantial written output worthy of publication as a book, a collection of essays, a research monograph, and/or journal articles. In addition, under the IPC MRA Lecture Series, grantees are expected to deliver a public lecture to share the highlights of their study's findings.
All academic and research staff members of the Ateneo de Manila University (including the various Loyola and Professional Schools) are eligible to apply to the MRA Program. The principal investigator/lead proponent of the proposed research should be a full-time faculty or researcher of the Ateneo de Manila University; and the proposed research project, completed within 12 months (or within one school year).
VISITING RESEARCH ASSOCIATES PROGRAM
The IPC Visiting Research Associates (VRA) Program encourages and facilitates studies of Philippine cultures and societies by scholars (from the Philippines or abroad) who are not regular members of the IPC staff. The IPC welcomes VRAs who wish to do research in any discipline of the social sciences or humanities. Thus, it assists scholars whose major interests are anthropology, art, communication, economics, history, linguistics, music, political science, psychology, and sociology.
VRA appointments are generally granted to postdoctoral fellows, doctoral candidates, and other experienced scholars from the Philippines or abroad. Through the IPC, a non-Filipino scholar residing in a country other than the Philippines can apply for a special non-immigrant visa as defined in Section 47 (a)(2) of the Philippine Immigration Act of 1940. While being a VRA offers a formal link with the Institute, the affiliation does not include any salary or stipend; neither does it signify employment with the IPC.
The IPC VRA Lecture Series provides a venue for the VRAs to present the nature and findings of their research as well as their initial conclusions to an interested public.
IPC-DSA SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM
The Institute of Philippine Culture - Department of Sociology and Anthropology Scholarship Program for Young Filipino Social Science Professionals (IPC-DSA Scholarship Program), with funds from the Ford Foundation, offers support for academic and professional training in the graduate programs of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the Ateneo de Manila University. It aims to develop young Filipino social science professionals (preferably under 30 years of age) with the expertise to respond, with a sense of urgency, to the rapidly changing social and cultural landscapes that constitute the world in which we live. Recipients of the scholarship will be enrolled in one of the academic programs of the DSA (MA Anthropology, MA Sociology, or MS Social Development), with the requirement that they engage in full-time studies in order to complete their graduate program within a two-year period. Moreover, the scholars will be exposed to the research programs of the IPC. This combination of academic and research training is designed to equip the scholars with the methodological, analytical, and theoretical tools to generate and mobilize knowledge in shaping transformations in their localities.
The IPC-DSA Scholarship Program originates from and continues the goals of the IPC-DSA Professional Social Science Training Program (1986-2008) which, with funds from the Ford Foundation, supported the training of hundreds of social science professionals from Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.
ATENEO CULTURAL LABORATORY
The Ateneo Cultural Laboratory (ACL) is a five-year engagement of the IPC with the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the Ateneo de Manila University. It is comprised of a three-week, six-unit summer course for Ateneo de Manila students and external professionals, focusing attention on the study, conservation, and promotion of the cultural heritage of particular Philippine districts, towns, or cities. Aware of the vital linkage between heritage tourism and development, the IPC and the DSA are committed to conducting an ACL every summer in a different province, and to working with the local government units and other local groups. The sites of the ACL include: San Juan del Monte, Metro Manila (2011); Baclayon, Alburquerque, Loay, and Loboc in Bohol (2012); Kalibo and Boracay in Aklan (2013); Nasugbu and Balayan in Batangas (2014); and Puerto Princesa, Palawan (2015).
IPC INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL
The IPC International Summer School for Doctoral Researchers on the Philippines is an annual IPC program (from 2013 to 2015) whereby very promising PhD students in the social sciences or interdisciplinary programs from around the world are invited for an intensive series of workshops, seminars, and lectures. With the theme “Historical and Ethnographic Approaches to Philippine Culture,” the IPC Summer School addresses questions about how historical and ethnographic approaches contribute to a closer understanding of Philippine social realities, what principles inform their conceptual and methodological orientations, and whether these approaches can be extended to other aspects of Philippine studies. The IPC covers the travel and lodging expenses and most meals of the Summer School participants, who had been chosen by a Selection Committee which reviewed the documents submitted by the applicants, including a never-before-published paper appropriate to the theme of "Historical and Ethnographic Approaches to Philippine Culture."
The four-day IPC Summer School includes paper presentations by each of the ten to twelve doctoral researchers on their own work and subsequent discussion by the group of participants. Two leading scholars in Philippine Studies moderate the discussion, provide feedback on the paper of the Summer School fellows, and deliver public lectures on their own research. The roster of IPC Summer School moderators includes Filomeno V. Aguilar, Jr. and Resil B. Mojares (2013); Patricio N. Abinales and Ramon Guillermo (2014); and Caroline Hau and Mary Racelis (2015).